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Alexander Martin Lippisch 1894 Alexander Martin Lippisch was born on 2 November 1894 in Munich, Germany, the son of Franz and Clara (Commichau) Lippisch.
His father was an artist. Alexander was educated at schools in Berlin and Jena, Germany, and was planning to enter art school when the First World War began. He enlisted in Germany's armed forces in 1915, and served until 1918 as an aerial photographer and mapper. In 1943 he was awarded a doctoral degree at the University of Heidelberg. Lippisch worked for the Dornier Aircraft Company in Friedrichshafen, Germany, as an aerodynamicist from 1918 22. He was employed as a glider designer for Weltensegler, Inc. in Baden Baden (1922 23); as a designer for A. G. Steinmann, Hagen, Westphalia (1923 25); and in 1925 he joined the staff of the aerodynamics and design department of the Rhon Rossittengesellschaft, north of Frankfurt. The Z was a simple lightweight glider for basic flight instruction. It was designed to start with rubber ropes, a common way to start a glider in the years short after WWI. It was designed by Alexander Lippisch who became famous by his design Messerschmitt Me 163 Komet, a rocket drive flying wing. Stamer Lippisch Z Schulsegelflugzeug, 1926From 1933 39 he was in Darmstadt as chief of the technical department of the Deutsche Forschungsanstalt fur Segelflug (DFS). DFS sent him to the Messerschmitt Company in 1939, to head a department to develop a rocket fighter for the Air Ministry. From 1943 45 he served as director of research for the Aeronautical Research Institute in Vienna, Austria. He came to the United States in January 1946 as a part of the Operation Paper Clip program administered by the United States Department of Defense. He was stationed at Wright Field in Dayton, Ohio, where he stayed until December 1946 when his family joined him. He worked for the Naval Air Materiel Center in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, from 1946 50. Lippisch and his family received United States citizenship in 1956. In 1950 Lippisch accepted employment at Collins Radio Company in Cedar Rapids, Iowa, where he was director of the aeronautical division until 1964. One of his first projects at Collins was the design of a high speed smoke tunnel. Lippisch's work on smoke tunnel flow visualization led to a thirteen part television series in 1955, entitled "The Secret of Flight". The series addressed the amateur viewer, demonstrating the principle of flight through the use of simple models and a smoke wind tunnel. A believer in the importance of a broad education, Lippisch gave many lectures on the significance and the history of flight. He also worked on remote powered vehicles which led to his concept of the Aerodyne. This wingless aircraft was suspended solely by the thrust of its engines and was capable of vertical takeoff and landing. The Aerodyne project was discontinued in 1960, at which time Lippisch became the director of the hydrodynamic laboratory at Collins. He designed a high speed boat which performed very well up to a certain speed, but beyond that point the aerodynamic forces lifted the bow too much. This triggered his interest, and he proposed a boat whose hull would lift out of the water by louis vuitton purses edmonton means of short airplane type wings. This idea was utilized louis vuitton bags epi leather in the aerofoil boat, which was a seaplane that flew efficiently near the ground or water surface. The first full scale aerofoil boat was the Collin X 112. It was first flown in 1965. Lippisch retired from Collins Radio Company in 1964. He underwent lung surgery and upon recovery found himself desiring to continue his work in aircraft design. He consulted for several United States and German companies on the designs of Aerodynes, Aeroskimmers, and Aerofoil boats. In the mid 1920's a friend sent Lippisch a flying seed of a tropical plant. This seed was essentially an arrow shaped wing, and as others had done before him, Lippisch based his tailless arrow shaped aircraft on this example from nature. A private sponsor saw louis vuitton neverfull mm damier azur one of these designs and thought it would be possible to build a large version of this type for use as a trans oceanic transport. However, Lippisch felt that the wing near the body should be thicker so that it could be utilized for additional storage. Received his Engineering Doctorate degree from Heidelberg University in Physical Sciences. His aviation career plans interrupted by service in the German Army in World War I, he was finally assigned to work with the Zeppelin Company in 1918. The early post war years, devoted to theoretical studies and experiments with advanced and unique approaches to high speed aircraft performance, produced his first successful tailless design, a glider, in 1921. Because the designs he proposed were considered radical departures from the norms of aero design of that period, financial support for his work was difficult to acquire, but his great faith and determination finally won out. He followed the accounts of louis vuitton twist it bracelet Dunne's and Etrich's experiments with inherent stability, and after military service during World War I, applied his interest to glider design. His first tailless glider was built in 1921, by Gottlob Espenlaub, the German glider enthusiast who would later collaborate with the Swiss designer Alexander Soldenhoff on his designs The Lippisch Espenlaub E2 was the first of over 50 swept wing, tailless designs produced by Lippisch over the next three decades. Though this first effort was less than impressive, it at least was a starting point from which Lippisch began serious, systematic development of tailless designs. In 1924, he was designated Director of the Aeronautical Department of the RhonRossitten Gesellschaft (RRG, which later became the German Research Institute for Soaring Flight). Its 16 rockets, each producing 50 pounds of thrust, were build by Friedrich Sander a pyrotechnics specialist. The propulsion system combining high thrust, fast burning powder rockets for initial acceleration with lower thrust, slower burning rockets to sustain velocity. Opel approached Alexander M. Lippisch, a young designer working at the Rhon Rossitten Gesellschaft, who had already displayed a penchant for the unorthodox in airplane configuration, with the proposal that he, too, design a glider for rocket power. Max Valier and Alexander Sander also succeeded in arousing enthusiasm for rocket propulsion in a twenty seven year old aircraft designer, Gottlop Espenlaub. His E 15 tail less design was of interest as a rocketplane.
On 11 June, Fritz Stamer effected the first rocket propelled flight in Lippish's glider. The glider had been dubbed Ente, or Duck. That lead later to the Lippish's Komet the Messerschmitt Me 163, liquid rocket manned interceptor.
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